Environmental hazards of greenhouse effect?
The greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon that occurs when the Earth’s atmosphere traps solar radiation. This trapped radiation makes the Earth’s surface warmer than it would be without the atmosphere.
The greenhouse effect is beneficial because it helps to keep the Earth’s surface warm, making it habitable for life. However, it can also have harmful effects.
One of the main harmful effects of the greenhouse effect is global warming. Global warming is the gradual increase in the Earth’s average surface temperature. It is caused by the increased levels of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere, which trap more heat and cause the Earth’s surface to warm.
Global warming can have a number of harmful effects, including:
- Melting of glaciers and ice sheets, which can lead to rising sea levels and flooding
- Extreme weather events, such as more frequent and more intense hurricanes, droughts, and heat waves
- Damage to coral reefs and other ecosystems
- Spread of diseases
- Disruption of food production
- Forced migration of people from areas that become uninhabitable
The greenhouse effect is also responsible for the hole in the ozone layer. The ozone layer is a layer of gas in the Earth’s atmosphere that helps to protect us from the Sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
The hole in the ozone layer is caused by the release of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and other man-made chemicals into the atmosphere. These chemicals break down the ozone molecules, causing the hole in the ozone layer.
The hole in the ozone layer allows more UV radiation to reach the Earth’s surface, which can cause skin cancer, eye damage, and other health problems.