Six Types of Hazards

What are the 6 types of hazards?        

The six main categories of hazards are:

1) Biological

Biological hazards include viruses, bacteria, insects, animals, etc., that can cause adverse health impacts.

2)  Chemical

Chemical hazards are substances that can have an exceptionally wide range of health hazards that can include sensitization, irritation, and carcinogenicity along with physical hazards like corrosion, flammability, and explosibility.

3) Physical

A physical hazard is a type of hazard that can physically harm a person.  Commonly known as an occupational or environmental hazard, a physical hazard can include noise, radiation, ergonomic, heat stress, cold stress, and vibration hazards. 

4) Safety

A safety hazard is the most common type of hazard that can include tripping hazards, spills on the floor, blocked aisles, and cords laying across a floor system.  They can also include working from an elevated height (roof, ladder, scaffold), electrical hazards, confined spaces, faulty machinery, and improperly used machinery. 

5) Ergonomic

An ergonomic hazard can occur when a combination of work, body positions, and working conditions put a strain on our system. These hazards can range from improperly adjusted workstations, poor posture, repetitive lifting, vibration, and overexertion.

6) Psychosocial 

A psychological hazard is any type of hazard that adversely affects the mental health or well-being by taxing their individual coping mechanisms.  The result is the diminished ability to work safely as seen with workplace harassment.

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